Western philosophy dictates the purpose of human life is in a constant cycle of restructuring nature to our own needs. It thinks of the world as an imperfection, which needs to be modified to create a “better world” for us to live in. For that, we are made to follow predefined rules of the society that we live in. Governments domesticate nature, as well as human minds for the sake of cultural growth. As a result, boundaries get formed, named as countries, states, cities, etc. People get bounded by rules of law. Those who follow these rules are deemed as “good“, and any form of non-compliance is seen as “bad” and is prohibited. All this for the sake of satisfying one man’s vision of how the world should be, which is never possible, since the only thing permanent is change itself. This philosophy is destructive in nature, and leads to endless suffering, both for animals and plants alike.
No matter how purposeful we are in life, no matter how much we achieve in our life by building mansions and skyscrapers, it will always be dwarfed by the massive cosmos that we live in.
Animals do not have a sense of purpose in their lives. They yearn for self-protection, self-preservation, and are guided by the instinct of a predator, i.e to feed on the prey. Humans, on the other hand, are special, in a way that they always have a choice; the choice of protecting and feeding themselves, as well as caring for others(Dharma) by their imaginative capabilities.
When we constantly try to seek an objective for whatever we do, we tend to disturb the balance of nature. While humans are bounded by self-proclaimed rules and laws, nature has no consideration for such rules, and will do what it can to maintain a state of balance, as can be seen by natural disasters happening time and again. The more we try to control nature, for the purpose of satisfying our hunger for food and protection(clearing forests for building habitable societies), the greater we move to the path of adharma, i.e satisfying our needs at the cost of others. Hinduism dictates appreciating the world as it is, without a constant need to judge it by our own imaginations, which are often blinded by emotions and our own concepts gathered by experience.
“Those who yearn for pleasure, power and paradise, constantly have their eye on the fruits of their birth, their actions, their rites and rituals. That which is born will die and that which will die will be born. So, it is pointless to cling and mourn” – Bhagavad Gita